Oct 13, 2012

Laventille, Then & Now | My Perspective | Part 4

Part 4:  Laventille, Then & Now | My Perspective | San Diego Lee

I was wondering about the best way to close this segment about how life was on the hill 'back in the day'; I decided that the following is the way to go. I had a dream last night and in that dream there was this beautiful African lady sitting on a bench slumped over with the palms of her hands covering her face. When I approached her I realised that she was someone I knew when I was a child. Her name is Laventille and there she was crying and bemoaning how her friends have all given her such a bad name... a reputation that she feared could not be easily corrected.

She told me that she feared that the sickness that have tainted her friends and made them zombies of ill will will forever ruin her reputation. She claimed that the reality of today was not the way it used to be, so many years ago, but most people thought that was the case. She was sad and sullen and even though I tried to console her I realized that her love for the hill and the life she lived, so many years ago, may have been lost forever. I woke up in a sweat and could not breathe. I felt Laventille's pain but I am lost regarding what can be done to save the name of a place that was once my child hood playground.

Laventille has a very bad reputation today; but did you know that is the same way people, who did not live in the area, thought about the people on the Hill when I was a child? However, that is not the Laventille I knew as a child. That bad reputation was so far away from the truth in those days. I am not stating this here today simply to make the Laventille of years ago look good. I am making the statement because it was the truth; to state it simply, Laventille was not different from any other area in Trinidad. The reputation and bad name given to the 'Hill' was not reality during the period of my youth.

As an example, I can recall that on any carnival Monday or Tuesday (to emphasize the point) one could have walked through Laventille and realized that place was a ghost town! I bet ninety-nine  percent (99%) of the residents were in Port of Spain frolicking and having a good time.  Do you think that homes were truly secured then? People were not worried about thefts or home break-ins. Normally, a few  older folks were at home and a very few folks who didn’t give a 'blue-tooth' about carnival carried on like it was just another day on the hill. The point is that everyone felt safe and were not worried about losing valuables; believe me that is the way it used to be during that period.

I am not saying that the society was free of thieves or the odd fool who would commit a dumbfounded act but everyone knew the  fowl thieves in the neighborhood. To be honest I am sure they were playing mass or in 'Town' (City of Port-of-Spain) drinking rum.  Yes, I know what you are thinking but the point I want to make is that there were no break-ins. Laventille then and today from what I have been hearing, is like night and day. As a child, I knew of two killings in Laventille, one was a love thing and the other one was probably a disagreement between two guys.

There were people of all walks of life living on the 'Hill' from my recollections. As an example, we had neighbors who were cops, fire men, army men, postal workers, teachers and nurses. As you can see there were people who worked with the government and people who were career oriented.  The so called badjohns never interfered with regular people. They gambled and had disputes amongst themselves. They had melees from time to time with their counterparts from other areas but never molested the villagers.  If as a kid you disrespected an elderly person and one of the so called 'badjohn' was around you were guaranteed to get a 'tap' (on your head) and a warning to always respect 'your elders'.

The church was also central to life on the 'Hill'; about six months out of a year the Catholic Church in Laventille had a mass on the 13th day of those months.  Parishioners from all over the country participated in a pilgrimage up the hill to that mass. They accessed Laventille from all areas.   No one bothered those people.  In my experience an accusation is worst than the truth/that which is a fact. Laventille was not what people thought it was, now it is and probably worst (just ask someone living there today). However, that's just the way it was in a lot of areas in Trinidad.

There are still many things to be said about my experiences growing up on the 'Hill'; however, those are stories for another day. Maybe I will find the time to write about the riots with a gang from the Tokyo (steelband) strong-hold - that is an interesting story!

I believe after reading my story you may walk away thinking the following: Laventille was a normal neighborhood that was given an over-rated reputation for being a place full of badjohns and violence. One thing that you learnt was that Desperadoes defended itself and people, when provoked.  How about the fact that Desperadoes in those days were two bands during the off season, but became one united band for carnival. I will bet anything that there are residents in Laventille who do not know this! It was just a matter of time that the bands really separated. It happened and the upper half was renamed 'Serenaders'. I remember that during their first two years as an independent band they played sailor mass successfully and had large followings. When this happened, Desperadoes suffered as a mass band and was reduced in size for a few short years. 'Serenaders' was one of those bands that broke up and restarted several times.  However, Desperadoes became a force, an institution of the 'Hill' and on several occasions were panorama champions and triple crown winner to add to its many victories and storied existence.

I am sure that today that despite all the strife and tribulation and ill faithed name 'Lady Laventille' can finally find something to be proud about... I wiped away her tears and reminded her that not everything is lost. There is still cause for hope because without hope there is nothing!

Sep 27, 2012

Laventille, Trinidad | Part 3

Part 3: Laventille, Then & Now | Steel Band Clash 1959 | Desperadoes & San Juan All Stars | Information provided by San Diego Lee | Written by Santiwah!

This story is about the infamous Steelband clash that took place between Desperadoes and San Juan All Stars. San Juan All Stars had the reputation of being the 'badjohn' band of all steel bands. However, as you read my story you would see that every dog has his day and every 'badjohn' eventually gets his 'cutarse' aka a good beating... as they say in Trinidad "what eh meet yuh eh pass yuh". This story was put together from stories I was told as a child. I was very young but this story was told in every nook and cranny on the hill. I hope you enjoy this piece about Desperadoes of Laventille.

It was one of those years (1959) when Desperadoes played a pretty mass called “Noah’s Ark”. Now just about everyone knows the story of Noah and his Ark. Well this was the year that Desperadoes decided to give that story some life on the streets of Port-of-Spain. Just let your imagination take flight and think of the bible in living color but in this scenario as a carnival presentation.  Carnival presentations were very fancy long ago and in this story Desperadoes decided to bring just about every character to life. Now if you think of the Ark and every animal that was in it you can imagine the creative juices coming into play...a lot of hard work went into that presentation with the Ark as the center piece and the characters around the Ark.

Let your mind drift for a moment and  visualize about 1500 to 2000 masqueraders with all those characters, the animals,shepherds with their shepherd stick, beggars with their bag of belonging hanging on the end of a club stick, characters with long staff sticks and so on.  One of the main presentation was to release white birds representing the doves from the great flood when the band reached on stage at the Queens Park Savannah.This was the plan and the stage was set with what was considered to be one of the biggest bands to his the stage at the Savannah.

Now Desperadoes route usually is to come down the hill straight down Prince street and head first to Marine Square now called “Independence Square” which was the first judging point. After leaving this area they played and masqueraded until they got back at the foot of the Laventille road and Piccadilly street. This time they took to get to this point was around mid day. This meant it was time for a break to have lunch. After lunch they it was mas again and the chipping to the music took the band across Piccadilly street and then a right turn on Charlotte street that was the final stretch that lead straight to the Savannah. This was the time to play your self and enjoy your mas and nothing could stop that.

However, on the day, as faith will have it that route taken by Desperadoes became historic for what took place on that faithful afternoon. On that day San Juan All Stars (known as the 'badjohn' band) came to "town" (Port-of-Spain). Their presentation that yeas was a war mass (Battle Cry)and by all accounts they were looking for trouble. They were en-route to the Savannah taking the same route as Despers. Now just behind Desperadoes was Tokyo playing a sailor mass (sailor mas was very popular during this period and flour bags were in great demand). San Juan All Stars broke the formation of Tokyo and went straight through their band (that is Tokyo). Tokyo came out to play mas and did not want to fight, even though San Juan All Stars destroyed their mas presentation. They let them through, knowing full well who was in front - that band from Laventille was no push over and with the attitude of San Juan All Stars on that memorable day trouble was about to meet trouble... it resulted in the most memorable steel band clash in the history of Trinidad.

Just let your imagination take control and see the bands in play. San Juan All Stars,after crashing through Tokyo, was now between Desperadoes and Tokyo and they tried to break the formation of Desperadoes. That was a big mistake... all hell broke loose! San Juan All Stars Was demolished, their own weapons they had hiding in their tanks was turned on them. The women and children of Desperadoes were placed in the Ark for protection when the fighting was in progress(it really turned out to be a refuge just like Noah's Ark of the Bible). Think of all those shepherd’s sticks, staff sticks, beggars clubs and who knows what else was used to beat back San Juan All Stars.  As San Juan All Stars started to retreat they were now blocked by Tokyo with no place to run.  From accounts from eye witnesses, bloodied  members from All Stars were thrown over the General Hospital’s fence and some accounts stated that some badly busted up San Juan Allstars members were pushed through the gates of the hospital for medical care.

On that infamous day not even the vendors escaped the clash.  The vendors who are on side walk selling all kinds of bottled drinks either lost their supplies to people looking for something to throw or they used them as they too got involved in the fracas.  All those bottled drinks and empty bottles were used as projectiles. After all was said and done and those who were not wounded on Desperadoes side of the clash reformed and went on to the Savannah. I guess they did not forget to deliver the great spectacle of the release of the 'white doves' from the ark as planned.  That was the one year that Desperadoes expected to win band of the year for their presentation of such a fantastic theme.

Please be advised that I don't possess any knowledge regarding when or how that memorable fracas stopped; after all, I was just ah little child. As I mentioned before this account was told  as we limed on the street corners of  Laventille. This collective story came from relatives, neighbors and friends and folks who were there and either participated in the fighting or were simply there as onlookers.

I had a brief discussion with one of my dear friends in WACK radio shout box about this clash and was surprised to learn (from our conversation) that her uncle was involved in the clash but as a  member of  San Juan All Stars!  It should be very interesting to hear someone speak about the San Juan experience. I am sure we will hear about the 'buss heads' that were inflicted by the San Juan side. This is as much as I can recall and it was told from a Laventille perspective (Despers experience). Of course the story would have a different slant when told from the San Juan All Stars perspective.

Next - Part 4: Laventille, Then & Now | My Perspective 

Sep 26, 2012

Laventille, Trinidad | Part 2

Part 2: Laventille, Then & Now | Desperadoes, Some History By San Diego Lee! Information:San Diego Lee | Written by Santiwah

My story about Laventille will not be complete if I did not mention the pride of the hill - Despers! The Story I want to lay out is part of the history of the Band Desperadoes. Please note that I will use the words 'Despers' and 'Desperadoes' in my story but take note that they both are references to the same steel band.

I remember Desperadoes as a very young kid; I was around the age of six years I believe. Everyone knew that there was something special about Despers.  The beautiful part of Desperadoes in those days is that when it was carnival time there was only one band. Yes I said one band. I guess you may be asking if there was more than one band named Desperadoes. Well the answer is yes and no! Let me explain... When it was carnival time it was simply Desperadoes the band but during the off season the band was split into two parts. One on the lower part of Laventille road and the other half was way up the hill going back to an area called Red Hill. Let me add this to the conversation (a little history)... the Redhill area is the continuation of Laventille road leading into Morvant.  Anyway, my oldest sister’s house was next to that pan yard.  The banner for Desperadoes mass presentation was stenciled on the side of her house and that name was imprinted there for years from the painting of that banner. I am not talking from here say but from what I know and yes,  it was on the wall of my sister's home that the banner was emblazoned!

To continue down memory lane... when carnival time arrived, the arranger and pan tuner worked with both halves arranging the same tunes with both sections.. upper Laventille and lower Laventille sections of the band. This also included the tuning of the pans.  This is a very interesting part of history that most of you did not know but will from this day on, the pan tuner’ s name was Carl Greenidge and if you don't know that name then you will surely know the name Robert Greenidge! Yes that Greenidge... he was the uncle of Robert Greenidge. Now when Carnival Monday and Tuesday arrived the band on the upper part will begin it’s decent into Port of Spain collecting masqueraders along the way as they travel down the hill. Masqueraders will be waiting at junctions exiting from many alley ways. Some of these masqueraders waiting 'down de hill' did not wait and headed towards the band to get that extra masquerade time as the band travelled down to Port of Spain.

When the upper half of the band reached the lower part of the hill they joined up with the second half becoming one united Desperadoes.  Damn, that was so sweet!

Desperadoes was one of those steel bands that played mostly "pretty mass" as we used to call it in those days. During that period people looked down at the residents of Laventille as nothing but poor and destitute people which, in my view, was utter nonsense! However, the masqueraders that played mas with Desperadoes made that band one of the biggest to parade in Port-of-Spain during that period. Now regardless of what people thought of the residents of Laventille they always "found money" to play mass with the band.

Desperadoes is one of the best steel bands in the World. I am proud to have grown up in the period that shaped the identity of Despers. The great Rudolph Charles left his mark on Desperadoes and the band has continued to make the people of Laventille proud. Laventille and Despers will continue to prosper even today with the name of Laventille tarnished because of a few miscreants who live on the hill.

Next - Part 3: Steel Band Clash!

Sep 14, 2012

Laventille, Trinidad | Part 1

Part 1:Laventille, Then & Now | Introduction | Information:San Diego Lee | Written by Santiwah

The following short story was written by my friend who prefers to go by the name of San Diego Lee. This is part one and hopefully Lee will subsequently send follow up stories about the Laventille he knew and grew up in before migrating to San Diego, California. 

Part 1: Laventille, Then & Now
How many times have you heard someone say that the 'ole time days' were better than what the young people are experiencing today? Well when I was a child growing up in Laventille, Trinidad my hometown did not have the bad reputation that has given it the notoriety as one of the worse places to visit in Trinidad. That reputation comes because of violence now ravaging the country. I miss the 'good ole days' when I lived and roamed freely in my home town of Laventille. 

Now to continue my story I must make one confession. I never knew the boundaries of Laventille as a kid and to this day, after leaving Trinidad for decades, I still don’t know where the boundaries are located. Laventille has changed and so too have the boundaries... I believe. The village has expanded and grown in terms of the areas that they are now recognizing as Laventille. 

Here is a little background information about the area. Laventille road starts at Piccadilly Street and Prince Street and winds its way uphill all the way back to several areas that include Morvant, Never Dirty, Barataria and some say as far as San Juan. You can walk to Gonzales, Morvant, Belmont and what is also known as the second Laventille “the other Laventille” as we call it; the one on the Eastern Main road (maybe that is where my WACK Radio shout-box friend Lai Lai grew up). As a kid I roamed all these areas. Laventille road comes to a fork at the top of the hill and that road takes you down to Picton road - a place we called "John John". It then goes back to the Eastern Main road to the Tokyo area, yes the steel band Tokyo. Tokyo, if you don't know is an old rival of Desperadoes steel band. 

Farther up the hill there is another main road named St. Babbs. This road will take you 'straight down' (Trinidad vernacular) to Belmont by way of Belle Eau Road. There are many alley ways that take you into all those and other neighborhoods such as Gonzales and Belmont. Are you confused now and can you you tell me the boundaries of Laventille? That is my predicament! 

As a kid I went to school in Gonzales, a short walk from Laventille. I used to roam all over Belmont, Port-of-Spain and even as far as the Queens Park Savannah. Gosh, whenever I reminisce about my childhood and the many rendezvous in the vicinity of Laventille it brings tears to my eyes. Those were the 'good ole days' and I wished the children growing up in the area today could have experienced life the way I knew it in the Laventille that, once upon a time, I  loved so much. Much has changed and today Laventille has a bad name... this is sad.  

Laventille then and now... now cannot compare to the time I lived in Laventille. Yes progress has brought better roads and homes but the hospitality of the people cannot be compared. I shed a tear when ever I read the daily newspapers from my homeland. Let us all prayer that peace and love can prevail not only in Laventille but my homeland of Trinidad and Tobago.

Next - Part 2... Some History on Desperadoes

Jul 1, 2012

"Hoops Of Life" | Shaquille O'Neal in Trinidad


The Government of Trinidad and Tobago surprised many when they introduced retired NBA legend Shaquille O'Neal to launch their new initiative to save the youth and bring back hope to depressed communities. The program is titled "Hoops of Life" and is one of the new initiatives by the PP government to bring about positive change in the lives of the youth of the country.

The following article in quotation was sourced from C Media Trinidad and Tobago:
"It was a 'slam dunk' for the Government on Saturday when basketball legend, Shaquille O'Neal, showed up with Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar at Beetham Gardens.

Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar had a very special surprise for the residents of Phase Four Beetham Gardens in the form of the 7ft 1" American basketball star.

Dr. O'Neal was present to assist the Government in launching its new sporting initiative, The Hoop of Life, which is aimed at helping build communities and giving youths in troubled neighbourhoods a constructive alternative to criminal activity.

The acclaimed sportsman spoke to the young people present, telling them that he came from a similar neighbourhood but with hard work, he was able to leave behind a life of being a gangster.

"A positive attitude helped me get where I am now and anybody can do it because like I said, I am not the smartest, I may be a doctor, but I am not the smartest. It was my positive attitude. I did it. So little kids, listen to your parents, be a leader not a follower. Believe in God and everything will be alright. It's going to take time, like I started playing when I was 12 but I didn't get good until 20. So it took eight years of hard work."

The Prime Minister said a lot of planning and finances were put into this initiative which was developed by the Ministry of National Security to ensure that it will fully engage local youths.

The games begin on July 21st and players will have the opportunity to win prizes for their community.

The Prime Minister said, "Players are drawn from communities such as yours for recognition, valuable community projects and winning cash prizes of $1 million, $500,000 and $250,000 will form the first, second and third place prizes."

She also explained that community DJs and artistes will win prizes for their performances at the events."

Jun 22, 2012

New Cabinet Appointments | Trinidad & Tobago Government

"There is no room for egos or personal agenda. Every single appointment made by me has received the full support of those selected." Those words were spoken by the Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago as she announced the names and offices assigned to the newly realigned Cabinet. The mandate remains the same... fix things and get the country on the right path!

The opposition PNM has already expressed their concerns regarding the appointment of Jack Warner to the post of National Security. 

Larry Howai (former CEO of State-owned First Citizens Bank) replaces Winston Dookeran as the Minister of Finance and the Economy. I am surprised that Winston Dookeran was removed from the Finance Ministry. Finance has always been Mr. Dookeran's forte! 

Winston Gypy Peters has been removed from the Culture Ministry and placed in Community Development. Mr. Peters, a Calypsonian, was expected to do good things for culture but has not done enough to keep that post. In his place comes Dr. Lincoln Douglas. I wish him success... he is from my hometown of Arima.

I don't think that anyone was surprised that Marlene Coudray got a Ministerial post after crossing party lines and joining up with the UNC! I wonder if those who watched her performance as Mayor of San Fernando think that she has what it takes to succeed as a Minister? 

The following is a listing of the newly appointed persons and the Ministerial portfolios they now command. 

The realigned Cabinet includes:

Minister of National Security: Jack Warner, Colin Partap.

Legal Affairs: Prakash Ramadhar.

Attorney General: Anand Ramlogan.

People and Social Development: Dr. Glenn Ramadharsingh, and Vernella Alleyne-Toppin.

Education: Dr. Tim Gopeesingh.

Housing: Dr. Roodal Moonilal.

Gender, Youth and Child Development: Marlene Coudray.

Justice: Herbert Volney.

Public Administration: Carolyn Seepersad-Bachan.

Energy: Kevin Ramnarine.

Labour, Small and Micro Enterprise Development: Errol McLeod.

Transport: Chandresh Sharma.

Sports: Anil Roberts.

Planning: Dr. Bhoe Tewarie.

Public Utilities: Nizam Baksh.

Tobago Development: Dr. Delmon Baker.

Local Government: Dr. Suruj Rambachan, Rudranath Indarsingh.

Works and Infrastructure: Emmanuel George, Stacy Roopnarine.

Arts and Multiculturism: Dr. Lincoln Douglas.

Health: Dr. Fuad Khan.

Minister of State in the Office of the Prime Minister: Rodger Samuel.

Tertiary Education: Fazal Karim.

Tourism: Stephen Cadiz.

Community Development: Winston Peters.

Food Production: Devant Maharaj, Jairam Seemungal.

Science and Technology: Dr. Rupert Griffith.

Foreign Affairs: Winston Dookeran.

Trade, Industry and Investment: Vasant Bharath.

Environment and Water Resources: Ganga Singh and Ramona Ramdial.

National Diversity and Social Integration: Clifton de Coteau and Embau Moheni.

Communications: Jamal Mohammed.

Deputy Speaker: Nela Khan.

Finance and the Economy: Larry Howai.

The Cabinet listing above was sourced from the Government owned C News Network.
via http://www.ctntworld.com/

May 19, 2012

"The Making of a Slave" | The Willie Lynch Letter

Please be advised that the contents of this speech will cause you to become upset... this letter is provided here for educational purposes only! The World used to be like this but has not changed much in some places. There is exchange but in many cases the same rules may apply... read and learn!

This speech was said to have been delivered by Willie Lynch on the bank of the James River in the colony of Virginia in 1712.  Lynch was a British slave owner in the West Indies. He was invited to the colony of Virginia in 1712 to teach his methods to slave owners there.
[beginning of the Willie Lynch Letter]


Gentlemen. I greet you here on the bank of the James River in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and twelve. First, I shall thank you, the gentlemen of the Colony of Virginia, for bringing me here. I am here to help you solve some of your problems with slaves. Your invitation reached me on my modest plantation in the West Indies, where I have experimented with some of the newest, and still the oldest, methods for control of slaves. Ancient Rome would envy us if my program is implemented. As our boat sailed south on the James River, named for our illustrious King, whose version of the Bible we cherish, I saw enough to know that your problem is not unique. While Rome used cords of wood as crosses for standing human bodies along its highways in great numbers, you are here using the tree and the rope on occasions. I caught the whiff of a dead slave hanging from a tree, a couple miles back. You are not only losing valuable stock by hangings, you are having uprisings, slaves are running away, your crops are sometimes left in the fields too long for maximum profit, you suffer occasional fires, your animals are killed. Gentlemen, you know what your problems are; I do not need to elaborate. I am not here to enumerate your problems, I am here to introduce you to a method of solving them. In my bag here, I HAVE A FULL PROOF METHOD FOR CONTROLLING YOUR BLACK SLAVES. I guarantee every one of you that, if installed correctly, IT WILL CONTROL THE SLAVES FOR AT LEAST 300 HUNDREDS YEARS. My method is simple. Any member of your family or your overseer can use it. I HAVE OUTLINED A NUMBER OF DIFFERENCES AMONG THE SLAVES; AND I TAKE THESE DIFFERENCES AND MAKE THEM BIGGER. I USE FEAR, DISTRUST AND ENVY FOR CONTROL PURPOSES. These methods have worked on my modest plantation in the West Indies and it will work throughout the South. Take this simple little list of differences and think about them. On top of my list is “AGE,” but it’s there only because it starts with an “a.” The second is “COLOR” or shade. There is INTELLIGENCE, SIZE, SEX, SIZES OF PLANTATIONS, STATUS on plantations, ATTITUDE of owners, whether the slaves live in the valley, on a hill, East, West, North, South, have fine hair, course hair, or is tall or short. Now that you have a list of differences, I shall give you an outline of action, but before that, I shall assure you that DISTRUST IS STRONGER THAN TRUST AND ENVY STRONGER THAN ADULATION, RESPECT OR ADMIRATION. The Black slaves after receiving this indoctrination shall carry on and will become self-refueling and self-generating for HUNDREDS of years, maybe THOUSANDS. Don’t forget, you must pitch the OLD black male vs. the YOUNG black male, and the YOUNG black male against the OLD black male. You must use the DARK skin slaves vs. the LIGHT skin slaves, and the LIGHT skin slaves vs. the DARK skin slaves. You must use the FEMALE vs. the MALE, and the MALE vs. the FEMALE. You must also have white servants and overseers [who] distrust all Blacks. But it is NECESSARY THAT YOUR SLAVES TRUST AND DEPEND ON US. THEY MUST LOVE, RESPECT AND TRUST ONLY US. Gentlemen, these kits are your keys to control. Use them. Have your wives and children use them, never miss an opportunity. IF USED INTENSELY FOR ONE YEAR, THE SLAVES THEMSELVES WILL REMAIN PERPETUALLY DISTRUSTFUL. Thank you gentlemen.”


It was the interest and business of slave holders to study human nature, and the slave nature in particular, with a view to practical results. I and many of them attained astonishing proficiency in this direction. They had to deal not with earth, wood and stone, but with men and, by every regard, they had for their own safety and prosperity they needed to know the material on which they were to work, conscious of the injustice and wrong they were every hour perpetuating and knowing what they themselves would do. Were they the victims of such wrongs? They were constantly looking for the first signs of the dreaded retribution. They watched therefore with skilled and practiced eyes, and learned to read with great accuracy, the state of mind and heart of the slave, through his sable face. Unusual sobriety, apparent abstractions, sullenness and indifference indeed, any mood out of the common was afforded ground for suspicion and inquiry. Frederick Douglas LET’S MAKE A SLAVE is a study of the scientific process of man-breaking and slave-making. It describes the rationale and results of the Anglo Saxons’ ideas and methods of insuring the master/slave relationship. LET’S MAKE A SLAVE “The Original and Development of a Social Being Called ‘The Negro.’” Let us make a slave. What do we need? First of all, we need a black nigger man, a pregnant nigger woman and her baby nigger boy. Second, we will use the same basic principle that we use in breaking a horse, combined with some more sustaining factors. What we do with horses is that we break them from one form of life to another; that is, we reduce them from their natural state in nature. Whereas nature provides them with the natural capacity to take care of their offspring, we break that natural string of independence from them and thereby create a dependency status, so that we may be able to get from them useful production for our business and pleasure.


For fear that our future generations may not understand the principles of breaking both of the beast together, the nigger and the horse. We understand that short range planning economics results in periodic economic chaos; so that to avoid turmoil in the economy, it requires us to have breadth and depth in long range comprehensive planning, articulating both skill sharp perceptions. We lay down the following principles for long range comprehensive economic planning. Both horse and niggers [are] no good to the economy in the wild or natural state. Both must be BROKEN and TIED together for orderly production. For orderly future, special and particular attention must be paid to the FEMALE and the YOUNGEST offspring. Both must be CROSSBRED to produce a variety and division of labor. Both must be taught to respond to a peculiar new LANGUAGE. Psychological and physical instruction of CONTAINMENT must be created for both. We hold the six cardinal principles as truth to be self-evident, based upon following the discourse concerning the economics of breaking and tying the horse and the nigger together, all inclusive of the six principles laid down above. NOTE: Neither principle alone will suffice for good economics. All principles must be employed for orderly good of the nation. Accordingly, both a wild horse and a wild or natur[al] nigger is dangerous even if captured, for they will have the tendency to seek their customary freedom and, in doing so, might kill you in your sleep. You cannot rest. They sleep while you are awake, and are awake while you are asleep. They are DANGEROUS near the family house and it requires too much labor to watch them away from the house. Above all, you cannot get them to work in this natural state. Hence, both the horse and the nigger must be broken; that is breaking them from one form of mental life to another. KEEP THE BODY, TAKE THE MIND! In other words, break the will to resist. Now the breaking process is the same for both the horse and the nigger, only slightly varying in degrees. But, as we said before, there is an art in long range economic planning. YOU MUST KEEP YOUR EYE AND THOUGHTS ON THE FEMALE and the OFFSPRING of the horse and the nigger. A brief discourse in offspring development will shed light on the key to sound economic principles. Pay little attention to the generation of original breaking, but CONCENTRATE ON FUTURE GENERATION. Therefore, if you break the FEMALE mother, she will BREAK the offspring in its early years of development; and when the offspring is old enough to work, she will deliver it up to you, for her normal female protective tendencies will have been lost in the original breaking process. For example, take the case of the wild stud horse, a female horse and an already infant horse and compare the breaking process with two captured nigger males in their natural state, a pregnant nigger woman with her infant offspring. Take the stud horse, break him for limited containment. Completely break the female horse until she becomes very gentle, whereas you or anybody can ride her in her comfort. Breed the mare and the stud until you have the desired offspring. Then, you can turn the stud to freedom until you need him again. Train the female horse whereby she will eat out of your hand, and she will in turn train the infant horse to eat out of your hand, also. When it comes to breaking the uncivilized nigger, use the same process, but vary the degree and step up the pressure, so as to do a complete reversal of the mind. Take the meanest and most restless nigger, strip him of his clothes in front of the remaining male niggers, the female, and the nigger infant, tar and feather him, tie each leg to a different horse faced in opposite directions, set him afire and beat both horses to pull him apart in front of the remaining niggers. The next step is to take a bullwhip and beat the remaining nigger males to the point of death, in front of the female and the infant. Don’t kill him, but PUT THE FEAR OF GOD IN HIM, for he can be useful for future breeding.


Take the female and run a series of tests on her to see if she will submit to your desires willingly. Test her in every way, because she is the most important factor for good economics. If she shows any sign of resistance in submitting completely to your will, do not hesitate to use the bullwhip on her to extract that last bit of [b----] out of her. Take care not to kill her, for in doing so, you spoil good economics. When in complete submission, she will train her offsprings in the early years to submit to labor when they become of age. Understanding is the best thing. Therefore, we shall go deeper into this area of the subject matter concerning what we have produced here in this breaking process of the female nigger. We have reversed the relationship; in her natural uncivilized state, she would have a strong dependency on the uncivilized nigger male, and she would have a limited protective tendency toward her independent male offspring and would raise male offsprings to be dependent like her. Nature had provided for this type of balance. We reversed nature by burning and pulling a civilized nigger apart and bullwhipping the other to the point of death, all in her presence. By her being left alone, unprotected, with the MALE IMAGE DESTROYED, the ordeal caused her to move from her psychologically dependent state to a frozen, independent state. In this frozen, psychological state of independence, she will raise her MALE and female offspring in reversed roles. For FEAR of the young male’s life, she will psychologically train him to be MENTALLY WEAK and DEPENDENT, but PHYSICALLY STRONG. Because she has become psychologically independent, she will train her FEMALE offsprings to be psychologically independent. What have you got? You’ve got the nigger WOMAN OUT FRONT AND THE nigger MAN BEHIND AND SCARED. This is a perfect situation of sound sleep and economics. Before the breaking process, we had to be alertly on guard at all times. Now, we can sleep soundly, for out of frozen fear his woman stands guard for us. He cannot get past her early slave-molding process. He is a good tool, now ready to be tied to the horse at a tender age. By the time a nigger boy reaches the age of sixteen, he is soundly broken in and ready for a long life of sound and efficient work and the reproduction of a unit of good labor force. Continually through the breaking of uncivilized savage niggers, by throwing the nigger female savage into a frozen psychological state of independence, by killing the protective male image, and by creating a submissive dependent mind of the nigger male slave, we have created an orbiting cycle that turns on its own axis forever, unless a phenomenon occurs and re-shifts the position of the male and female slaves. We show what we mean by example. Take the case of the two economic slave units and examine them close.


We breed two nigger males with two nigger females. Then, we take the nigger male away from them and keep them moving and working. Say one nigger female bears a nigger female and the other bears a nigger male; both nigger females—being without influence of the nigger male image, frozen with a independent psychology—will raise their offspring into reverse positions. The one with the female offspring will teach her to be like herself, independent and negotiable (we negotiate with her, through her, by her, negotiates her at will). The one with the nigger male offspring, she being frozen subconscious fear for his life, will raise him to be mentally dependent and weak, but physically strong; in other words, body over mind. Now, in a few years when these two offsprings become fertile for early reproduction, we will mate and breed them and continue the cycle. That is good, sound and long range comprehensive planning.


Earlier, we talked about the non-economic good of the horse and the nigger in their wild or natural state; we talked out the principle of breaking and tying them together for orderly production. Furthermore, we talked about paying particular attention to the female savage and her offspring for orderly future planning, then more recently we stated that, by reversing the positions of the male and female savages, we created an orbiting cycle that turns on its own axis forever unless a phenomenon occurred and reshifts positions of the male and female savages. Our experts warned us about the possibility of this phenomenon occurring, for they say that the mind has a strong drive to correct and re-correct itself over a period of time if it can touch some substantial original historical base; and they advised us that the best way to deal with the phenomenon is to shave off the brute’s mental history and create a multiplicity of phenomena of illusions, so that each illusion will twirl in its own orbit, something similar to floating balls in a vacuum. This creation of multiplicity of phenomena of illusions entails the principle of crossbreeding the nigger and the horse as we stated above, the purpose of which is to create a diversified division of labor; thereby creating different levels of labor and different values of illusion at each connecting level of labor. The results of which is the severance of the points of original beginnings for each sphere illusion. Since we feel that the subject matter may get more complicated as we proceed in laying down our economic plan concerning the purpose, reason and effect of crossbreeding horses and niggers, we shall lay down the following definition terms for future generations. Orbiting cycle means a thing turning in a given path. Axis means upon which or around which a body turns. Phenomenon means something beyond ordinary conception and inspires awe and wonder. Multiplicity means a great number. Means a globe. Crossbreeding a horse means taking a horse and breeding it with an ass and you get a dumb, backward, ass long-headed mule that is not reproductive nor productive by itself. Crossbreeding niggers mean taking so many drops of good white blood and putting them into as many nigger women as possible, varying the drops by the various tone that you want, and then letting them breed with each other until another circle of color appears as you desire. What this means is this: Put the niggers and the horse in a breeding pot, mix some asses and some good white blood and what do you get? You got a multiplicity of colors of ass backward, unusual niggers, running, tied to backward ass long-headed mules, the one productive of itself, the other sterile. (The one constant, the other dying, we keep the nigger constant for we may replace the mules for another tool) both mule and nigger tied to each other, neither knowing where the other came from and neither productive for itself, nor without each other.


Crossbreeding completed, for further severance from their original beginning, WE MUST COMPLETELY ANNIHILATE THE MOTHER TONGUE of both the new nigger and the new mule, and institute a new language that involves the new life’s work of both. You know language is a peculiar institution. It leads to the heart of a people. The more a foreigner knows about the language of another country the more he is able to move through all levels of that society. Therefore, if the foreigner is an enemy of the country, to the extent that he knows the body of the language, to that extent is the country vulnerable to attack or invasion of a foreign culture. For example, if you take a slave, if you teach him all about your language, he will know all your secrets, and he is then no more a slave, for you can’t fool him any longer, and BEING A FOOL IS ONE OF THE BASIC INGREDIENTS OF ANY INCIDENTS TO THE MAINTENANCE OF THE SLAVERY SYSTEM. For example, if you told a slave that he must perform in getting out “our crops” and he knows the language well, he would know that “our crops” didn’t mean “our crops” and the slavery system would break down, for he would relate on the basis of what “our crops” really meant. So you have to be careful in setting up the new language; for the slaves would soon be in your house, talking to you as “man to man” and that is death to our economic system. In addition, the definitions of words or terms are only a minute part of the process. Values are created and transported by communication through the body of the language. A total society has many interconnected value systems. All the values in the society have bridges of language to connect them for orderly working in the society. But for these language bridges, these many value systems would sharply clash and cause internal strife or civil war, the degree of the conflict being determined by the magnitude of the issues or relative opposing strength in whatever form. For example, if you put a slave in a hog pen and train him to live there and incorporate in him to value it as a way of life completely, the biggest problem you would have out of him is that he would worry you about provisions to keep the hog pen clean, or the same hog pen and make a slip and incorporate something in his language whereby he comes to value a house more than he does his hog pen, you got a problem. He will soon be in your house.Additional Note: “Henty Berry, speaking in the Virginia House of Delegates in 1832, described the situation as it existed in many parts of the South at this time: “We have, as far as possible, closed every avenue by which light may enter their (the slaves) minds. If we could extinguish the capacity to see the light, our work would be complete; they would then be on a level with the beasts of the field and we should be safe. I am not certain that we would not do it, if we could find out the process and that on the plea of necessity.” From Brown America, The story of a New Race by Edwin R. Embree. 1931 The Viking Press.

Apr 6, 2012

Cheryl Miller Travesty | Heads 'will roll' at that Ministry!

Dammit, what the hell is going on in Trinidad? This Cheryl Miller travesty has to be addressed quickly and people need to be fired!

I sat at my computer and read the articles in the newspapers regarding the Cheryl Miller fiasco that took place at the Ministry of Gender, Youth and Child Development about 15 days ago. Cheryl Miller, was forcibly removed from her workplace and committed to St. Anns. This is unbelievable... What the hell is going on in Trinidad and Tobago?

I did not read anything about a history of mental illness only that Cheryl had a dispute and was not satisfied with the response of the HR department. I did not read that she became violent and the police had to be called in to right a situation that got out of hand. I read that Cheryl Miller was not satisfied with the outcome of discussion regarding and issue at the office and that she thought she was being treated unfairly. I read the Minister, Verna St. Rose-Greaves spoke to Cheryly and that from that conversation Cheryl was in the process of writing a letter apologizing for the 'outburst' that took place (the entire situation is questionable). Then it was reported that someone said (someone in authority) that, “They would be coming for Cheryl Miller just now.” Now that is absolutely outrageous!

If I am unhappy with the outcome of a dispute and don't like the outcome and speak out about it then I could be committed to a mental institution? Outrageous... I am mad as hell and I do believe that people in authority are going crazy in Trinidad! Heads should roll... they should fire the people who called in the people from St. Anns to take action against this employee who did not 'go crazy' at the office.

Let's say that Cheryl did have a breakdown and acted in a manner that was not safe for her co workers shouldn't her office manager talk to her, get her away from the place of discontent and find out what was going on. If she continued to act in an irrational manner (which reportedly did not) then she should have been given the day off. If they thought that she could have harmed herself then they should have sought medical attention from the hospital not the mental institution!

Dammit, there are crazy people walking the streets of Port-of-Spain and no one gives a damn about the harm they could do to innocent people going about their daily business. This is outrageous and heads should roll... Verna St. Rose and the officials at that office should be dragged to the red carpet and questioned about their decision to call in personnel from the mental institution to deal with a situation that could have been handled differently.

I do hope that they haven't drugged this poor lady and make her a ghost of herself at that institution. I do hope that commonsense should prevail and that Cheryl is released to her family. This government better do the right thing and correct this unfortunate situation. I am mad as hell and hope that action is taken against the people who started this fiasco. I am so damn upset... I can't read anything good coming out of Trinidad!

Apr 4, 2012

'the nation's journey in moko jumbies' | Trinidad Express

Here is an interesting art design that won the competition for the best logo design for the 50th anniversary celebration of the twin island republic. It is an interesting design and uses the Moko Jumbie to tell a story of growth, progress and culture of the Trinitarians. The information presented below is an article from the Trinidad Express Newspaper.

Debbie Boos described her winning entry in the 50th Anniversary of Independence logo competition in the following way:
"My design visually reflects the nation's journey in the moko jumbies, whose increasing heights represent growth and progress over 50 years of independence. The moko jumbies represent the Trinity Hills, as well as being an integral part of the culture of the people.

Their stilts represent cane-cutting implements used in the sugarcane industry when sugar was king, and the heads represent the lucrative oil industry, in the age of advanced technology.

The ribbons represent the continued, upward movement towards the nation's positive future. The red, white and black colours represent the colours of the Trinidad and Tobago flag."





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